SETTING STATIC ROUTING IN CISCO PACKET TRACER

By | Desember 8, 2017
HOW TO SETTING STATIC ROUTING IN CISCO PACKET TRACER

Cisco Packet Tracer is an application for network design, network simulation, etc. For this time we will post how to Routing static. What is Static Routing? static router (static router) is a router that has a static routing table which is manually set by network administrators.

Understanding Router is a computer network tool that sends data packets through a network or the Internet to its destination, through a process known as routing.

The router serves as a link between two or more networks to pass data from one network to another. A router can be a device specifically designed to function as a router (dedicated router), or can be a PC that functions as a router (PC Router). The benefit of using a PC Router is that you do not need to buy additional routers to save money.

Default Gateway:
In order for the Router to forward the data, the computer on the network must assign the router to forward the data
Assignment is done by setting default computer gateway to router
If we do not do the default gateway setting then certainly the LAN can not be connected with other network


That's some sense of the set in a static router configuration. Immediately now will discuss how to routing static.

1. Prepare the Cisco Packet Tracer Application first
2. To connect different equipment, use Straight-through cable:
a. Router - Switch
b. Router - Hub
c. PC - Switch
d. PC - Hub
To connect the same equipment, use the Cross-Over cable:
a. Router - Router
b. Router - PC
c. Switch - Switch
d. Switch - Hub
3. The terms of installation are:
Router to router: Serial
Router to switch: FastEthernet (allowed to use Ethernet but faster FastEthernet)
Switch to PC: FastEthernet
The red connector uses Serial DTE
After the preparation is complete the design of this network for example:


Catatan :
Fery, Kurniawan, Saputra PC terhubung fastethernet0/0 ke PC1, PC2, PC3
Fery – Kurniawan = Serial 2/0
Kurniawan – Saputra = Serial 3/0

Setting Fastethernet dan serial dengan cara CLI :
Router A : Fastethernet 0/0 :
Router#en
Router#conf t
Router(config)#int f0/0
Router(config-if)#ip add 192.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
Router(config-if)#no shut
Router(config-if)#ex

Router B : Fastethernet 0/0 :
Router#en
Router#conf t
Router(config)#int f0/0
Router(config-if)#ip add 193.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
Router(config-if)#no shut
Router(config-if)#ex

Router C : Fastethernet 0/0 :
Router#en
Router#conf t
Router(config)#int f0/0
Router(config-if)#ip add 194.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
Router(config-if)#no shut
Router(config-if)#ex

Router A : Serial 2/0 :
Router#en
Router#conf t
Router(config)#int s2/0
Router(config-if)#ip add 10.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
Router(config-if)#no shut
Router(config-if)#ex

Router B : Serial 2/0 :
Router#en
Router#conf t
Router(config)#int s2/0
Router(config-if)#ip add 10.1.1.2 255.0.0.0
Router(config-if)#no shut
Router(config-if)#ex

Router B : Serial 3/0 :
Router#en
Router#conf t
Router(config)#int s3/0
Router(config-if)#ip add 11.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
Router(config-if)#no shut
Router(config-if)#ex

Router C : Serial 3/0 :
Router#en
Router#conf t
Router(config)#int s3/0
Router(config-if)#ip add 11.1.1.2 255.0.0.0
Router(config-if)#no shut
Router(config-if)#ex


When connecting serials, fery routers with serial 2/0 and 2/0 serial kurniawan, this should be 1 Network but must be different host with records must distinguish the class IP. I am setting as above to easily remember it.

After setting up the Router, Now setting PC1, PC2, and PC 3

Fastethernet (Default Gateway) on PC 1 Must be filled with Fet Router Fastethernet IP because PC 1 is connected directly to Fery Router. Likewise PC 2 with Kurniawan, PC3 with Saputra.

Setting IP :

PC 1   






PC 2


PC 3

Once completed, now live IP Route Setting (STATIC)
In this installation it takes your ketilitian. Note:

Network is filled with IP PURPOSE with Smallest Host that is filled with 0
For example Towards a Saputra Router, Saputra Router has Fastethernet IP: 194.1.1.1, So Writing: 194.1.1.0

Netmask filled in Network If Class C is filled with 255.255.255.0

Next Hop is populated with the nearest serial from the Router itself (The First Series is skipped after exiting the router itself)
After that we now set the Static IP Route:

Setting IP Route A :
Router(config)#ip route 193.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.2
Router(config)#ip route 194.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.2

Setting IP Route B :
Router(config)#ip route 192.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.1
Router(config)#ip route 194.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 11.1.1.2

Setting IP Route C :
Router(config)#ip route 192.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 11.1.1.1
Router(config)#ip route 194.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 11.1.1.1


Once done we try to test with ping in PC. We take PC1 Pinging Fastethernet IP on PC 2, and PC 3.



The result is successful if the reply from cmd like picture above, Next we will mengepot Dynamic Routing (RIP)

Tanks

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